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With the animal adequately anesthetized, the reptile can be appropriately positioned depending upon the route of entry. For buccal approaches to the gastro-intestinal and respiratory tracts, sternal or dorsal recumbency with head and neck extended is required. A similar technique can be used for examination of the cloaca, bladder and lower gastro-intestinal tract. Precise positioning for coelioscopy depends upon the type of reptile, the structure(s) of particular interest, and the preferences of the endoscopist.
One of the great benefits of endoscopy is that when an abnormal structure or pathological lesion is observed, biopsies can be taken under direct visual control. Biopsies can be harvested from the kidneys, gonads, liver, spleen, pancreas, fat body, lung, gastro-intestinal tract, coelomic membranes and, in general, any abnormal soft tissue structure.
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